EcoCAR 2: Plugging In to the Future
EcoCAR 2: Plugging In To the Future is a multi-collegiate competition sponsored by GM and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and organized by Argonne National Laboratory. It is a joint venture between government, industry, and academia with 15 teams from North America competing in this challenge. The goal is to design and build a working hybrid vehicle applying GM’s standard engineering design methods and procedures.
The objective is to construct vehicles employing innovative technology which reduce greenhouse emissions, have better efficiency, and reduce overall petroleum consumption from well-to-wheels when compared to the stock vehicle-while maintaining consumer acceptability and usability. Teams will be responsible for designing and integrating the hardware and software necessary to make the vehicle run.
Technical Goals of EcoCAR 2
In comparison to production gasoline vehicles, teams will construct and demonstrate vehicles and powertrains that:
- Reduce fuel consumption
- Reduce well-to-wheel greenhouse gas emissions
- Reduce criteria tailpipe emissions
- Maintain consumer acceptability in the areas of performance, utility, and safety
The competition takes place over three years from 2011 to 2014. Competition requirements and deadlines are scored throughout each academic year with a final competition taking place in the summer of each year.
- First Year Modeling and Simulation
- Second Year Integration of components into the vehicle and build a “mule” vehicle
- Third Year Completion of the vehicle and creating a 99% Buyoff vehicle that meets current consumer acceptability expectations.
During the third year of the competition, students will refine, test, and improve vehicle operation to create at 99% Buyoff vehicle that satisfies all consumer acceptability and safety requirements. At the end of thi year, just as in Year Two, the re-engineered student vehicle prototypes will compete in a week-long competition of engineering tests. These tests are similar to the tests GM conducts to determine a prototype’s readiness for production. The Greenhouse gas, Regulated Emissions, and Energy in Transportation (GREET) model, developed at Argonne National Laboratory, will be used to assess a well to wheel analysis of the greenhouse gas impacts of each technology approach the teams select.
During the competition in Milford, Michigan and Washington, D.C. in June, student teams will demonstrate the vehicles performance compared to the production gasoline vehicle. They must meet or exceed the following goals:
- Incorporate technologies that reduce petroleum energy consumption on the basis of a total fuel cycle analysis;
- Reduce fuel consumption;
- Reduce well to wheel greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions;
- Reduce criteria tailpipe emissions;
- Maintain consumer acceptability in the areas of performance, utility and safety.